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First In Agriculture - TRICKY AGRICULTURE

First in Agriculture

Table of Contents

FIRST HISTORICAL EVENTS

important events in agriculture
Here is the table of the first historical events in Agriculture (Taken from best-recognized books. 
[ NOTE: From the below table mostly, there will be a question in ICAR-UG/PG/JRF/SRF/NET/IBPS AFO/FCI/NABARD & All Agricultural Competitive exams ]
FIRST HISTORICAL EVENTS 
FIRST DOMESTICATED ANIMALDOG (10,000 BC IN IRAQ)
SECOND DOMESTICATED ANIMALSHEEP (8700 BC IN IRAQ)
THIRD DOMESTICATED ANIMALGOAT (7700 BC IN IRAQ)
FIRST CULTIVATED CROP IN THE WORLDWHEAT & BARLEY (7500 BC IN MIDDLE EAST)
CATTLE AND PIG WERE DOMESTICATED IN MIDDLE EAST6000 BC
MAIZE WAS CULTIVATED IN MEXICO4400 BC
POTATO WAS GROWN IN SOUTH AMERICA3500 BC
WHEEL WAS INVENTED3400 BC
BRONZE WAS USED TO MAKE TOOLS IN MIDDLE EAST3000 BC
PLOUGH USED IN MIDDLE EAST2900 BC
SILK MOTH DOMESTICATION IN CHINA2700 BC
CULTIVATION OF CHICKPEA, SARSON & COTTON2300 BC
POULTRY, BUFFALO & ELEPHANT DOMESTICATION IN INDUS VALLEY2300 BC
RICE CULTIVATION STARTED IN INDIA2200 BC
FINGERMILLET CULTIVATION STARTED IN KARNATKA INDIA1800 BC
SORGHUM CULTIVATION STARTED IN RAJASTHAN INDIA1725 BC
PULSES (GREEN GRAM & BLACK GRAM WERE CULTIVATED IN MP INDIA1500 BC
BARLEY & SUGARCANE CULTIVATED IN INDIA1500 BC
IRON PLOUGHS WERE IN USE1000-1600 BC
INTRODUCTION OF CROPS LIKE POTATO, SWEET POTATO, CASSAVA, TOMATO, CHILLIES, PUMPKIN, PAPAYA, PINEAPPLE, GUAVA, CUSTARD APPLE, GROUNDNUT,CASHEWNUT, TOBACCO, AMERICAN COTTON, & RUBBER WAS DONE IN INDIA BY PORTUGUESE16th Centuey
Urea was first separated from Urine byH.M. Rouelle (1773)
Urea was first synthesized byF. wohler (1828)
First fertilizer manufactured in IndiaSSP (1906)
First Nitrogenous fertilizer produced in IndiaAmmonium Sulphate
First Complex fertilizer in IndiaAmmonium Phosphate Sulphate
First SRNF (Slow Release Nitrogen Fertilizer)Urea formaldehyde
First fertilizer usedCalcium Nitrate
Brown manuring was first initiated inAustralia
The Tractor was introduced in India for the first time in1920
In India, MB Plough was first time made during1920
First Tractor was manufactured in India wasEicher (1960)
First identified Viral DiseaseLeaf Curl of Tobacco
First Nematode DiseaseAnguina tritici in Wheat
First Bacterial diseaseFire Blight of Apple
First Organophosphate compoundParathion
First HormoneSecretin
First country to Introduce Zero Tillage & Conservation TillageUSA
First crop to have Genomic decodedRice
First Systemic fungicideCarboxin
First Organic fungicideDithiocarbamate
First Contact Herbicide in the worldDNOC (1932)
First Systemic herbicide in the World2,4-D (1942)
First Bioherbiced or MycoherbicideDevine (1981)
First commercially bio-insecticideSporeine
First Transgenic crop in the WorldTobacco > Tomato (1983)
First GM crop introduced in IndiaBt Cotton
First laureate to receive “World Food Prize”Dr. MS Swaminthan
First person to receive Nobel Prize related to AgricultureDr. NE Borlaug ( Field- Peace)
First Indian DG of ICARDr. BP Paul
Fisrt President of ICARM. Habibullah
First Agriculture Minister of Independent IndiaRafi Ahmed Kidwai
First Indian Director of IARIB. Vishwanath
First EntomologistNionelde Nicevelli
Second EntomologistHM Lefroy
First Irrigation Commission in India1901
Second irrigation Commission in India1969 or 1972
First Agricultural Magzine IndiaIndian Farming, 1940, By ICAR
First Agricultural University in IndiaG.B. Pant University Of Agriculture And Technology, 1960
First KVKAt Pondicherry, 1974
First AICRPMaize, 1957
India’s first satelliteAryabhata, 1975
First Indian Remote Sensing SatelliteIRS-1A, 1988
First time Colour Television started in India1982
India’s first cotton mill was set up in Bombay in1854

FIRST VARIETY/HYBRID VARIETY OF CROPS IN INDIA/WORLD

variety of crops
Here is the table of the first Variety/Hybrid Variety Of Crops in Agriculture. 
[ NOTE: From the below table mostly, there will be a question in ICAR-UG/PG/JRF/SRF/NET/IBPS AFO/FCI?NABARD & All Agricultural Competitive exams ]
FIRST VARIETY/HYBRID VARIETY OF CROPS 
First Maize Hybrid – (1961)Ganga-1
First Sorghum Hybrid – (1964)CSH-1
First Bajra Hybrid – (1965)HB-1
First Cotton Hybrid – (1970)H-4
First Arhar Hybrid – (1993)ICPH-8 or ICPH 82008
First Coloured Cotton – (1999)JCC-1 or KC 94-2
First Rice Hybrid – (1994)APHR-1
First Wheat Hybrid – (2002)Pratham 7070
First Basmati Rice Hybrid – (2002)PRH-10
A first hybrid of Sugarcane (World)POJ 2875
A first hybrid of Sugarcane (India)CO-205
First wondercane varietyCO-617
First Sunflower HybridBSH-1
First Mustard HybridPusa Jai Kisan (BIO 902)
First Tobacco HybridGTH-1
First Safflower HybridDSH-129
First Bt Cotton Variety in World-(1996)Bollguard-I
First Mango HybridMallika (Neelam x Dashehri)
Public Sector hybrid of Forage SorghumPusa Chari Hybrid 106
First Sorghum High Yielding varietyCSV-1
First Sweet Sorghum VarietySSV 84
First Sweet Sorghum Hybrid VarietyCSH 22SS (NSSH 104)
First Sorghum Rabi HybridCSH-7R
First Egyptian variety of Cotton in IndiaSujata
First male sterile line of BajraTift 23 A
First pureline variety of OatPrincess
The first variety of Green gramT-1 (1948)
The first variety of Black gramT-9 (1948)
Sorghum x Sudan grass hybridSudan Chari no.1
Napier grass x Bajra hybridPusa Giant
First interspecific variety of CottonVaralaxmi
First Single cross Maize hybridParas
First Autopolyploid variety released for commercial cultivation in IndiaPusa Giant (Berseem)

SOME FIRST VARIETIES IN RICE

important variety in rice
Here is the table of Some First Varieties of rice in Agriculture. 
[ NOTE: From the below table mostly, there will be a question in ICAR-UG/PG/JRF/SRF/NET/IBPS AFO/FCI?NABARD & All Agricultural Competitive exams ]
SOME FIRST VARIETIES IN RICE 
First dwarf variety of Rice in the World (1964)TN-1
First high Yielding dwarf variety of Rice in the World (1964)IR-8
First Introduced rice variety in IndiaTN-1
Second Introduced rice variety in IndiaIR-8
The First semi-dwarf High Yielding Variety of Rice developed in IndiaJaya
First Zinc rich variety of RiceDRR Dhan-45
Protein-Rich Rice VarietyCRR Dhan-310
First Arsenic resistant Rice varietyMuktoshri
The first hybrid of rice released by the public sectorPHB-71
A first hybrid of basmati ricePRH-10
First high Yielding dwarf variety of quality RicePusa Basmati-1
First Golden Rice VarietyT-309
First Super rice varietyLunishree
First mutant rice varietyJagannath