Various agricultural revolutions have occurred in India and have marked the beginning of a completely new era within the agricultural field. The agricultural revolutions helped Indian agriculture grow exponentially and created new opportunities.

Along with the list of agricultural revolutions in India, you will also learn about the products and people associated with these revolutions. As per the exam point of view, the agricultural revolutions are important for the general awareness section of various competitive exams.


Revolution Related ToFather of the Revolution
Green Revolution (In India)Food Grain ProductionM.S. Swaminathan 
Green Revolution (In World)Food Grain ProductionN.E. Borlaug
Protein RevolutionHigher Production (Technology-driven 2nd Green revolution)Coined by Narendra Modi and Arun Jaitely
Yellow Revolution Oilseed Production (Especially Mustard and Sunflower)Sam Pitroda
Black RevolutionBio-fuel (Jatropha) Production
Blue Revolution Fish ProductionDr Arun Krishnan
Brown RevolutionLeather / Cocoa / Non-Conventional Energy Source
Golden Fiber RevolutionJute Production
Golden Revolution Fruit / Honey ProductionKL Chadda
Grey RevolutionFertilizers Production
Pink RevolutionOnion Production / Prawn ProductionDurgesh Patel
Silver Revolution Egg / Poultry ProductionIndira Gandhi (Mother of the Revolution)
Silver Fiber RevolutionCotton Production
Red RevolutionMeat Production / Tomato ProductionVishal Tewari
Round RevolutionPotato Production
White RevolutionMilk ProductionVerghese Kurien
Rainbow RevolutionAll Revolution Together
e-RevolutionUse of Digital Technology
Parbhani RevolutionOkra Production
Purple Revolutionlavender Cultivation
PM Modi's Tricolour Revolution
White RevolutionCattle Welfare
Blue RevolutionFor fishermen's Welfare & Clean Water
Saffron RevolutionSolar Energy

It is important for candidates preparing for any competitive exams like IBPS-AFO, ICAR-JRF/SRF,  or the opposite Government exams to recollect of the new inventions happening within the agricultural field. Therefore, we’ve compiled a listing of revolutions in agriculture in conjunction with the merchandise it relates to and thus the one that coined these revolutions.


Green Revolution :-Food Grain Production

the first 1960s was the phase of the revolution in India. It led to a rise in higher-yielding sorts of seeds thanks to improved agronomic technology. It allowed the then developing country, India, to beat poor agricultural productivity. 

Golden Revolution:-Fruit / Honey Production

the amount between 1991 to 2003 is understood because the period of the Golden Revolution. This made India a world leader within the production of bananas, mangoes, etc. and provided sustainable livelihood and nutrition options. Know the amount of the Golden Revolution intimately .

White Revolution:- Milk Production

Verghese Kurien, the father of the White Revolution was a social entrepreneur. His “billion-litre idea”, Operation Flood made India the world’s largest milk producer and dairying India’s largest self-sustaining industry. Details on operation flood and White Revolution in India are often found on the linked page.

Yellow Revolution: 

within the Yellow Revolution, rising from the ‘net importer’ state, India achieved the status of a self-sufficient and net exporter. An all-time record of 25 million tonnes of oilseeds production from annual oilseed crops was attained during the first nineties. More detail on the Yellow Revolution is given on the page linked here.

Black Revolution:

 to extend petroleum production, the govt planned to accelerate the assembly of ethanol and to combine it up with petrol to supply biodiesel. Ethanol may be a renewable source of energy and may be a by-product of sugar production produced from molasses. The blending of ethanol with petrol has been practiced within the USA and Brazil for over 70 years. The blending of ethanol with transport fuels would offer better returns to farmers, supplement scarce resources of hydrocarbons, and environment-friendly by reducing pollutants because it helps combustion.

Brown Revolution:

This revolution focuses on meeting the demand for coffee from the developed nations by growing socially responsible and environment-friendly coffee. The Brown Revolution is said to Visakhapatnam’s tribal areas.

Blue Revolution:

Blue revolution made the emergence of aquaculture a crucial and highly productive agricultural activity. realize the Blue Revolution intimately .

Golden Fiber Revolution:

Golden Fibre Revolution in India is said to jute production. During the economic revolution, jute started getting used as a staple within the fabric industry and until today, the processed jute is employed for creating strong threads and jute products. Know more on Golden Fibre Revolution within the link provided.

Silver Revolution:

 the assembly of eggs was tremendously increased during the Silver Revolution phase. The increased production of eggs was made possible thanks to life science and more protein-rich food for the hens.

Pink Revolution:

The boom of export and production of meat in India is that the period of the Pink Revolution. It denotes the industrial revolution within the poultry and meat processing sector. Know more about this revolution on the page linked.

Grey Revolution:

Grey revolution is said to increased fertilizer production. it’s basically related to the mal effects of the revolution of India that specialize in what can happen if the new agricultural equipment turns things wrong.

History of Revolution

The agricultural revolution is that the name given to a number of cultural transformations that originally allowed humans to vary from a hunting and gathering subsistence to at least one of agriculture and animal domestications. Today, quite 80% of human worldwide diet is produced from but a dozen crop species many of which were domesticated a few years ago. Scientists study ancient remains, bone artifacts, and DNA to explore the past and present impact of plant and animal domestication and to form sense of the motivations behind early cultivation techniques. Archeological evidence illustrates that starting within the Holocene approximately 12 thousand years ago (kya), the domestication of plants and animals developed in separate global locations presumably triggered by global climate change and native population increases. This transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture occurred very slowly as humans selected crops for cultivation, animals for domestication, then continued to pick plants and animals for desirable traits. the event of agriculture marks a serious turning point in human history and evolution. In several independent domestication centers, cultivation of plants and animals flourished consistent with the actual environmental conditions of the region, whereas human migration and trade propelled the worldwide spread of agriculture. this alteration in subsistence provided surplus fertilizer that accumulated during the summer and fall for storage and winter consumption, also as domesticated animals that would be used for meat and dairy products throughout the year. Because these new survival strategies not required relocation and migration in search of food, humans were ready to establish homesteads, towns, and communities, which, in turn, caused rapid increases in population densities and cause the emergence of civilizations. This dependence on plant and animal domestication entailed variety of other environmental adaptations including deforestation, irrigation, and therefore the allocation of land for specific crop cultivation. It also triggered various other innovations including new tool technologies, commerce, architecture, and intensified division of labor, defined socio-economic roles, property ownership, and tiered political systems. This shift in subsistence mode provided a comparatively safer existence and generally more leisure for analytical and artistic pursuits leading to complex language development, and therefore the accelerated evolution of art, religion, and science. However, increases in population density also correlated with the increased prevalence of diseases, interpersonal conflicts, and extreme stratification . the increase of agriculture and therefore the influence of genetics and culture (gene–culture coevolution) still affect modern humans through alterations in nutrition, predisposition to obesity, and exposure to new diseases. This chapter will cover the varied regions that adopted early agricultural practices and appearance at the long-term positive and negative effects of agriculture on society.

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